OSSEOUS SURGERY / POCKET REDUCTION

OSSEOUS SURGERY / POCKET REDUCTION

Periodontal disease can create permanent changes in both the tooth and gum structure that will cause issues in the future. After having advanced gum disease, it is common to have enlarged gum pockets between the tooth and the gum line. Often, these gaps are cosmetic, and affect the look of the gums. More commonly, the gaps put the teeth at future risk for tooth and gum disease. Pocket reduction surgery is designed to diminish the after effects of periodontal disease.

The goal of periodontal surgery is to gain entry to the tooth root, as well as to clean the damaged areas. Excessing the plaque and decayed gum tissue leaves a pocket between the gum and the tooth. Often time, the gum will return to its original position, but will still have the pocket present. The pocket requires frequent cleanings as the patient is unable to get to the pockets with typical brushing and flossing. Once the swelling from the periodontal treatment has declined, the dentist may need to suture the gum. This is done in order to create an area large enough so that it can be reached through daily oral hygiene, but is also small enough that it is not a breeding ground for plaque and bacteria.