Osseous surgery is a method that dentists use to reshape the bone that keeps your teeth in place. It usually approaches periodontitis, which creates defects around the bone around teeth. Luckily, the surgery removes those defects. Before the surgery, the patient will recieve a periodontal treatment that consists or root planing and scaling. A local anesthetic is controlled to reduce the pain. After the roots are deemed clean, a drill and sharp dental tool is used to reshape the bone surrounding the teeth. Depending on how bad the defects are, the misshapened bone is extracted, and the rest is shaped. Bone grafting material is placed where the defects are too large to be handled with only reshaping. Once the bones are back to their normal state, the gums are finally stitched back into place. Osseous Grafting is a routine procedure, popular for its high success rate.